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Reading and Writing Data (WSN)

LabVIEW Wireless Sensor Network Module Help

Edition Date: June 2013

Part Number: 372802E-01

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WSN VIs use Elemental I/O to read from and write to analog and digital channels. You use I/O variables to read data from and write data to the host. To transfer the value of a hardware channel to the host, wire the Elemental I/O item to its corresponding static I/O variable, as shown in the following block diagram.

You access data using static I/O variables from the project tree in the Project Explorer window or programmatically using supported Shared Variable functions with the following URL format:


  • gateway—The IP address of the WSN gateway. For NI 9792 WSN Real-Time Gateway targets, you can use localhost for local I/O variable access.
  • node—The WSN node name. The default node name is Nodex in the project tree, where x is the ID assigned to the WSN node when you added it to the LabVIEW project. Node names become active after you deploy the project to the gateway.
  • channel—The I/O variable name. Default I/O variable names depend on the WSN node type. I/O variable names become active after you deploy the project to the gateway.

The following block diagram demonstrates how to use the AI0 I/O variable to write data from AI0 on Node1.

Note  Use the supported Shared Variable functions if the data type of an I/O variable or user-defined I/O variable is a waveform. For I/O variables with other data types, use the static I/O variables for the project.

Creating User-Defined I/O Variables

You can create user-defined I/O variables to send data from the WSN node to the host. You can create a maximum of eight user-defined I/O variables per WSN node.

Complete the following steps to create a user-defined I/O variable.

  1. Right-click the WSN node in the Project Explorer window and select New»User-Defined Variable.
  2. Select the data type for the I/O variable. The Length text box automatically displays the maximum size for the selected data type.
    Note  Some WSN nodes support only certain types of I/O variables.

You only can create user-defined I/O variables that send data from the WSN node to the WSN gateway. Sending data from the WSN gateway to the WSN node is unsupported.

The following LabVIEW project includes User0, a user-defined I/O variable.

The following block diagram demonstrates how to write the value of AI0 on Node1 to User0. User0 then sends that data to the WSN gateway.

Buffering Data

When you use I/O variables in a WSN VI, LabVIEW buffers the data in the I/O variable buffer, which is a first-in-first-out (FIFO) buffer. Buffering the data prevents data loss if the network connection fails.

You can use the Memory Configuration page to configure the size of the I/O variable buffer. When you increase the I/O variable buffer size, the amount of total RAM that the I/O variable buffer uses might increase significantly. If the network connection fails, the I/O variable buffer retains any data that LabVIEW wrote to the buffer.

You must enable buffering for each I/O variable to enable I/O variable buffering.


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