GPIB Write Function

LabVIEW 2018 Help

Edition Date: March 2018
Part Number: 371361R-01
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Owning Palette: GPIB Functions

Requires: Base Development System

Writes data to the GPIB device identified by address string.

Right-click the node and select Synchronous I/O Mode»Synchronous from the shortcut menu to write data synchronously.

Details  Example

timeout ms specifies the time, in milliseconds, that the function waits before timing out. To disable timeouts, set timeout ms to 0. The operation aborts if it does not complete within timeout ms.

To use the 488.2 global timeout, leave timeout ms unwired or set the input to –1. Then use the SetTimeOut function to change the default value of timeout ms. The default is 10000.
address string contains the address of the GPIB device with which the function communicates. You can input both the primary and secondary addresses in address string by using the form primary+secondary. Both primary and secondary are decimal values, so if primary is 2 and secondary is 3, address string is 2+3.

If you do not specify an address, the functions do not perform addressing before they attempt to read and write the string. They assume you have either sent these commands another way or that another controller is in charge and therefore responsible for the addressing. If the controller is supposed to address the device but does not do so before the time limit expires, the functions terminate with GPIB error 6 (timeout) and set bit 14 in status. If the GPIB is not the Controller-In-Charge, do not specify address string.

When there are multiple GPIB controllers that LabVIEW can use, a prefix to address string in the form ID:address (or ID: if no address is necessary) determines the controller that a specific function uses. For example, to set GPIB controller 2 to talk to a device on address 3, use the prefix 2:3. If a controller ID is not present, the function defaults to controller (or bus) number 0.
data is the data the function writes to the GPIB device.
mode indicates how to terminate the GPIB Write. This input accepts the following values.

0Send EOI with the last character of the string.
1Append CR to the string and send EOI with CR.
2Append LF to the string and send EOI with LF.
3Append CR LF to the string and send EOI with LF.
4Append CR to the string but do not send EOI.
5Append LF to the string but do not send EOI.
6Append CR LF to the string but do not send EOI.
7Do not send EOI.
error in describes error conditions that occur before this node runs. This input provides standard error in functionality.
status is a Boolean array in which each bit describes a state of the GPIB Controller. If an error occurs, the function sets bit 15. GPIB error is valid only if bit 15 of status is set.

The following table shows the numeric value and symbolic status of each bit in status. This table also includes a description of each bit.
Status BitNumeric ValueSymbolic StatusDescription
01DCASDevice Clear state
12DTASDevice Trigger State
24LACSListener Active
38TACSTalker Active
416ATNAttention Asserted
664REMRemote State
7128LOKLockout State
8256CMPLOperation Completed
124096SRQISRQ Detected while CIC
138192ENDEOI or EOS Detected
15-32768ERRError Detected
error out contains error information. This output provides standard error out functionality.

GPIB Write Details

When you transfer data from or to a hardware driver synchronously, the calling thread is locked for the duration of the data transfer. Depending on the speed of the transfer, this can hinder other processes that require the calling thread. However, if an application requires that the data transfer as quickly as possible, performing the operation synchronously dedicates the calling thread exclusively to this operation.

Note  In most applications, synchronous calls are slightly faster when you are communicating with 4 or fewer instruments. Asynchronous operations result in a significantly faster application when you are communicating with 5 or more instruments. The LabVIEW default is asynchronous I/O.


Refer to the Simple GPIB VI in the labview\examples\Instrument IO\GPIB directory for an example of using the GPIB Write function.


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